Although precise estimates are difficult to obtain, violence has probably always been part of the human experience. Its impact can be seen in various forms, in all parts of the world. Each year, more than a million people lose their lives, and many more suffer non-fatal injuries, as a result of self-inflicted, interpersonal or collective violence. The World Health Organization defines violence as the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, that either result in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment or deprivation. If the violence that has occurred is based on gender, then it is gender-based violence. Gender-based violence refers to the violence inflicted due to stereotypes and roles attributed to or expected of them according to their gender identity.  Violence against women, girls, and women-identifying groups in public spaces and on public transport are sadly not uncommon. Gender-based violence throughout the lifecycle (but are not limited to): sex-selective abortion, sexual exploitation, and abuse, including trafficking, child marriage, female genital mutilation, sexual harassment, dowry/bride price abuse, honor killing, domestic or intimate partner violence, deprivation of inheritance or property. According to UN Women 2017, it is estimated that 35 percent of women worldwide have experienced either physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence or sexual violence by a non-partner (not including sexual harassment) at some point in their lives. However, some national studies show that up to 70 percent of women have experienced physical and/or sexual violence from an intimate partner in their lifetime. In the majority of countries with available data, less than 40 percent of the women who experience violence seek the help of any sort. Among women who do, most look to family and friends and very few look to formal institutions and mechanisms, such as police and health services. Less than 10 percent of those women seeking help for the experience of violence sought help by appealing to the police.


As changing attitudes and actions towards ending gender-based violence grow, many organizations support and organize awareness programs and behavior change campaigns, including community-based conversations, meaningful engagement, and working with the private sector and public institutions. Also, Police number 100 is active to report any kind of violence and 1145 is another toll-free number from the National Women Commission which directly helps people solve their problems.


However, another mobile phone application that provides a safe space and protects the confidentiality from the public domain is NiDARR. NiDARR is a self-help smartphone application that works to mitigate gender-based violence. It is designed to create safe spaces for women and women-identifying individuals by providing a secure and private platform to stay connected to their contact circle, maximize safety, prevent violence and make them fearless. We can get NiDARR at Play Store which includes various features such as SOS ​message ​, Instant Rescue Button, Panic Button, Contact Directory, Safety Check-in and another most important feature of NiDARR app is Ask question where we can ask various questions regarding gender-based violence to our response partner from anywhere in Nepal. It is a feasible tool to ask a question regarding gender-based violence.


Many of the women experiencing a differential lack of access because of financial assistance and dependency with husband, end up without reporting violence due to the societal fear. So, women who cannot express and fear taking action can ask questions via NiDARR for self-protection in a safe space.


The current situation of the world is highly complex, with many drivers and dynamics contributing to an alarming increase in protection concerns, including gender-based violence. Addressing Gender-Based Violence, sexual violence, in the current context is a lifesaving priority. NiDARR was also recognized as one of the 18 app innovators at Women Deliver Conference with the potential to change the world for girls and women, but we are not aware of such helpful application that helps us to mitigate gender-based violence. Women’s rights are also human rights so we should take initiative from the individual level. It helps to increase awareness and enhance systems for the prevention of GBV through this app which mitigates the risk factor and strengthens self-protection strategies. Engaging in GBV prevention and response activities through such type of application is essential. Everyone should be aware of the application for self-help. 


Samana Bhandari

4th Year Student of National College


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